Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Home About Journal Editorial Board Search Current Issue Ahead of print Back Issues Instructions Subscribe Login  Users: 5941 Print this page  Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size 


 
LETTER TO THE EDITOR Table of Contents   
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54-55
ABO and Rhesus blood groups in potential blood donors at Durgapur Steel city of the district of Burdwan, West Bengal


Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Mission Hospital, Durgapur, West Bengal, India

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication16-Apr-2012
 

How to cite this article:
Nag I, Das SS. ABO and Rhesus blood groups in potential blood donors at Durgapur Steel city of the district of Burdwan, West Bengal. Asian J Transfus Sci 2012;6:54-5

How to cite this URL:
Nag I, Das SS. ABO and Rhesus blood groups in potential blood donors at Durgapur Steel city of the district of Burdwan, West Bengal. Asian J Transfus Sci [serial online] 2012 [cited 2022 May 19];6:54-5. Available from: https://www.ajts.org/text.asp?2012/6/1/54/95059


Sir,

All human populations share the same blood systems, although they differ in the frequencies of specific types. The incidence of ABO and Rhesus (Rh) groups varies very markedly in different parts of the world and in different races. [1] This study was conducted to determine the frequency of the ABO and Rh blood groups among potential local blood donors belonging to Durgapur city of West Bengal.

The study included 3850 potential blood donors. We observed that the most common blood group was 'O' (34.8%) followed by 'B' (33.6%), 'A' (23.9%), and 'AB' (7.7%). Rh 'D'-positive blood group incidence was 94.7%. The prevalence of the ABO phenotypes linked with Rh 'D' is presented in [Figure 1]. We observed that the prevalence of individual Rh common antigens were 'D' (94.7%), followed by 'C' (88.4%), 'E' (17.4%), 'd' (5.3%), 'c' (47.9%), and 'e' (98%). The commonest probable genotype among Rh-positive blood group was "R 1 R 1" (49.4%), the least common being "R z r" (0.1%). Among the Rh negative donors, the most prevalent genotype was "rr" (4.3%) [Figure 2].
Figure 1: Prevalence of ABO phenotypes linked with Rh 'D' genotypes

Click here to view
Figure 2: Frequency of probable genotypes

Click here to view


Few studies of ABO and Rh blood group prevalence among the various populations of India have been carried out. Nanu and Thapliyal reported group 'B' as most predominant in North India. [2] Our study was in agreement with the observation of Das et al. who conducted a blood group prevalence study among the south Indian. [3] On the basis of the number of subjects with ABO blood groups and applying Hardy Weinberg law, we observed that the distribution of allelic frequencies of ABO antigens in our population were 0.17, 0.24, and 0.59 for 'A,' 'B,' and 'O' groups, respectively. [4]

The current study had a significant implication in our blood bank inventory and transfusion service. The present study has been conducted in a single center comprising of 3850 donors. Large population and multicentric studies are required to estimate an accurate prevalence of common blood group in West Bengal, in particular, and eastern India, in general. Knowledge of blood group distribution is also important for clinical studies, for reliable geographical information, and for forensic studies in the population.

 
   References Top

1.Garraty G, Dzik W, Issitt PD, Lubin DM, Reid ME, Zelinski T. Terminology for blood group antigens and genes-historical origins and guidelines in the new millennium. Transfusion 2000;40:477-89.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Nanu A, Thapliyal RM. Blood group gene frequency in a selected north Indian population. Indian J Med Res 1997;106:242-6.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Das PK, Nair SC, Harris VK, Rose D, Mammen J, Bose YN, et al. A Distribution of ABO and Rh-D blood groups among blood donor in a tertiary care centre in South India. Trop Doct 2001;31:47-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Strickberger MW. Dominance relations and multiple alleles in diploid organisms. 2 nd ed. New York, USA: McMillan Publishing Company Inc.; 1976. p. 164-80.  Back to cited text no. 4
    

Top
Correspondence Address:
Ipsita Nag
Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Mission Hospital, Sec-2C, Immon Kalyan Sarani, Durgapur, West Bengal
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-6247.95059

Rights and Permissions


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]

This article has been cited by
1 An Insight Into the Distribution of Allele Frequency of ABO and Rh (D) Blood Grouping System Among Blood Donors in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Chengalpattu District of South India
Karthik Sigamani, Shiva Prasad Gajulapalli
Cureus. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Distribution of ABO and Rh (D) Blood groups in India: A systematic review
Gopal K. Patidar, Yashaswi Dhiman
ISBT Science Series. 2021; 16(1): 37
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Prevalence of ABO and Rh Blood Groups among Medical Students of a Teaching Institution
Doniya Joson C., Tinju James
Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare. 2020; 7(13): 675
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Red cell antigen phenotypes in blood donors & thalassaemia patients for creation of red cell antigen-matched inventory
Swati Kulkarni, Bhavika Choudhary, Harita Gogri, Jayashree Sharma, Manisha Madkaikar
Indian Journal of Medical Research. 2020; 152(3): 273
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 DISTRIBUTION OF ABO AND RH BLOOD GROUPS AMONG BLOOD DONORS AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Bhakti Dattatraya Deshmukh, Kalpana Ranjitsingh Sulhyan, Prashant Shankarrao Murarkar, Anuradha Shriniwas Malpani
Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare. 2018; 5(22): 1707
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

Top
 
  Search

  
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  


    References
    Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3046    
    Printed123    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded43    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 5    

Recommend this journal

Association Contact us | Sitemap | Advertise | What's New | Copyright and Disclaimer | Privacy Notice


2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006