Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-12

Reporting adverse transfusion reactions: A retrospective study from tertiary care hospital from New Delhi, India

Department of Pathology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Vandana Puri
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology and Blood Bank, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Marg, New Delhi - 110 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-6247.200779

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Context: Blood transfusion services have achieved newer heights in the last decade, with developments in cellular techniques, component separation, and integration of molecular methods. However, the system of recording and reporting of the adverse events related to blood transfusion is developing countries like India is grossly inadequate and voluntary in nature. Aims: This study was undertaken to analyze the retrospective data on adverse events related to blood transfusions in our hospital. Subjects and Methods: This retrospective study was done to examine all the transfusion related adverse events reported in a Regional Blood Bank Transfusion Centre of North India over a period of 9 years. Adverse transfusion events related to whole blood, red cell concentrates (RCCs), and all other components were analyzed and classified on the basis of their clinical features and laboratory tests. Average rate of transfusion reactions with the components was also assessed. Statistical Analysis Used: Categorical variables were analyzed using the Chi-square test. P> 0.05 was taken to indicate a significant difference. Results: During this period, a total of 1,60,973 blood/blood component units were issued by our blood bank to various departments of the hospital and 314 immediate transfusion events were reported. The rate of immediate transfusion reactions during the study was 0.19%. Average transfusion reaction rate with RCC was 0.25% with febrile nonhemolytic reactions being the most common type of adverse event (37.2%). Conclusions: Awareness should be increased among clinicians to correctly prevent, identify, and report transfusion-related adverse events. These measures should be implemented to increase blood transfusion quality and safety.

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006