Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-40

Alterations in blood component utilization in a tertiary care hospital in eastern India in the COVID-19 pandemic


Department of Transfusion Medicine, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudipta Sekhar Das
Department of Transfusion Medicine, Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata - 700 054, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajts.AJTS_122_20

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BACKGROUND: With shortages of blood globally in the COVID-19 pandemic, many hospitals and blood centers have successfully implemented blood conservation strategies and strategies to maintain blood donations and blood inventory. Here, we reported our experience of utilization of blood components for transfusion in the current COVID-19 pandemic and discussed the patient blood management (PBM) methods and importance of judicious blood usage in any pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study of 8 months was divided into pre-COVID and COVID periods. Parameters that included number of blood requisitions, blood components reserved and transfused, clinical speciality wise blood usage in both the periods were analysed. Blood utilization indices were computed using recommended equations. RESULTS: We observed an unusual pattern of blood utilization with significant disruption on blood supply and demand chain in this pandemic. A mean drop of 50.7% blood requisitions was observed in the COVID period. The period observed transfusion of 3608 units of blood components with a mean drop of 49.7% when compared to pre-COVID period. Mean drop of 46.6%, 54.4%, 53.4% and 52.7% were observed in packed red blood cell, fresh frozen plasma, platelet concentrate and cryoprecipitate transfusions in the COVID period. Blood component utilization was significantly reduced in most clinical specialities. The mean cross match to transfusion ratio in the COVID period was 1.28 with a mean increase in transfusion probability and transfusion index by 18.2% and 22.2% respectively. CONCLUSION: Although a constant transfusion support was needed in few clinical specialities throughout the pandemic, strict adherence to PBM protocols and practice of first in, first out method of blood dispensing helped the blood centre to support all patients needing blood transfusion.


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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006