Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 219-223

Major and minor subgroup profile of blood in patients receiving multiple transfusions and donors

1 Sakarya University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Sakarya, Türkiye
2 Sakarya University, Institute of Health Science, Department of Blood Bank and Transfusion Medicine, Sakarya, Türkiye
3 Sakarya University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Microbiology, Sakarya, Türkiye

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mehmet Fatih Orhan
Sirinevler Neighborhood, Saglik Avenue No: 195 SEAH Maternity and Child Annex Building, Floor: 2 Adapazari, Sakarya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajts.ajts_17_21

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OBJECTIVE: It was aimed to profile the blood subgroups of our region and to reveal the prevalence of auto/alloimmune sensitization in patients who had to undergo multiple erythrocyte transfusions and to establish the sensitization profile by screening major and minor subgroups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the distribution of ABO and Rh system major subgroups was studied in 100 donor blood. As the patient group, 50 patients who received three or more red blood cell transfusions were included. In addition to this group, Kell, Lewis, Duffy blood group systems were studied. RESULTS: According to the ABO system, 35% of the donors were in O, 33% in A, 17% in AB, and 15% in B. According to the Rh system, 75% is Dvi positive. Rh system is 99% e positive and 33% E positive in major subgroups and Kell1 positivity is 8%. In the patient group, 22% D(-) was determined compared to Rh blood group. Among the major subgroups of Rh, C was 68%, E was 14%, c was 76%, and e positivity was found to be 100%. The Kell1 negativity rate is 96%. The highest negativity was found in 86% Lea antigen in Lewis system, in 36% S antigen in MNS system, 34% Fyb antigen in Duffy system, and 24% Jka antigen in Kidd system. When inappropriate blood is given for any antigen, a double population is formed. The double negativities we detected in our study occurred as follows according to blood group systems: E 18%, C 12%, c 8%, Cw 2%, Kell 1 2%, M 8%, N 4%, S 18%, s 6%, Fya 8%, Jka 6%, Jkb 22%. Indirect Agglutination Test (IAT) was negative in all patients. CONCLUSION: IAT negativity in all patient groups suggests that we do not develop alloimmunization, but the high rates of double population suggest a high risk of alloimmunization.

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006