Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 238-244

Platelet additive solution suspended apheresis platelets in a tertiary care hospital: A step toward universal single donor platelets


Department of Transfusion Medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohit Chowdhry
Department of Transfusion Medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajts.ajts_145_21

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BACKGROUND: Transfusion of ABO-compatible single donor platelets (SDP) is preferable for better outcomes over group switchover SDP. The use of SDP containing ABO-incompatible plasma is associated with a risk of allergic and acute hemolytic transfusion reactions. Moreover, high titer O group donors SDP impose a further threat to patient safety. Platelet additive solution (PAS) is used worldwide for the storage of platelets which reduces plasma volume available in SDP. SSP + (Macopharma) is one such PAS which can provide improved availability, logistical management, decrease wastage, and improvement in patient safety. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using PAS to obtain low titer SDP units which can be utilized across a larger patient population and to study quality control parameters of these units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in the department of Transfusion Medicine from June 2017 to January 2018 after clearance from the Institutional Review Board. The study design comprised two cohorts (A and B). In cohort A, the temporal trend of in-vitro changes in the quality parameters was tested and analyzed for PAS modified and unmodified products on days 1, 5 and 7. In cohort B, the original plasma from the SDP donors of all blood group donors except the AB group was tested for antibody titers before (prepreparation) and after modification (postpreparation) by PAS. RESULTS: In cohort A, in the control group, there was a significant change in the mean platelet volume, potassium, and bicarbonate levels from day 1 to day 7, whereas no significant change in the biochemical parameters was noted in the study group where PAS was used. In cohort B, on comparing the anti-A and anti-B, before and after modification of SDP with PAS, there was a significant reduction in the median titers across all the groups studied. CONCLUSION: PAS added SDP is an efficient strategy to reduce the ABO-antibody levels significantly. PAS added SDP also helps in the better inventory management of available groups.


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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006