Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-6

Establishment of normal reference range of serum hepcidin in Indian blood donors

1 Department of Transfusion Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Transfusion Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Transfusion Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashutosh Singh
Department of Transfusion Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajts.ajts_7_22

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BACKGROUND: Hepcidin-25, a polypeptide hormone, plays a major role in iron metabolism and is found to be reduced during iron deficiency; therefore, testing for hepcidin can be utilized as an indicator of bioavailability of iron. Globally, reference range values for hepcidin have been established in different communities. The aim of the present study was to establish the normal reference range values of serum hepcidin in Indian blood donors to fathom the baseline and reference point of hepcidin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 donors fulfilling the eligibility criteria were recruited in the study consisting of 28 males and 62 females. Blood samples collected were used to execute hemoglobin (Hb), serum ferritin, and hepcidin assays. Serum hepcidin-25 isoform was detected by a commercial competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit according to the manufacturer's instructions. Hb and ferritin were evaluated by the standard methods. RESULTS: The mean ± standard deviation (SD) of Hb level in males was 14.62 ± 1.34 g/dL and females was 13.33 ± 0.76 g/dL. The mean ± SD of ferritin level in males was 113 ± 56.12 ng/mL and females was 62.65 ± 40.8 ng/mL. Similarly, the mean ± SD of hepcidin level in male donors was 22.18 ± 12.17 ng/mL and female donors was 10.95 ± 6.06 ng/mL. The established reference range values of Hepcidin were 6.32–46.06 ng/mL for males and 3.44–24.78 for females. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that further studies with larger groups of donors are mandatory to produce reference values of hepcidin that can be précised to the whole populace in India.

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006