Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Post-donation satisfaction and its associated factors of blood donors attending donor clinics of the National Blood Center, Sri Lanka: A cross-sectional study

1 Postgraduate Institute of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
2 Family Health, Nutrition Communication & Behavior Research Unit, Health Promotion Bureau, Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka
3 Department of Clinical Transfusion Medicine, National Blood Transfusion Service, Sri Lanka

Correspondence Address:
Tharushi Nadeeshani Muthumala,
No. 232/6, Makola Road, Kiribathgoda, Colombo
Sri Lanka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajts.ajts_1_22

BACKGROUND: In Sri Lanka, blood collection is purely from voluntary, nonrewarded, nonremunerated blood donors. To cope with the rising demand, the donor pool, which is at threat of declining, has to be safeguarded. Therefore, knowledge of Post donation satisfaction (PDS) is essential to retain regular safe blood donors. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the PDS and its associated factors among blood donors attending donor clinics of the National Blood Center (NBC), Colombo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 423 blood donors who attended outdoor donor clinics of NBC, Colombo. Participants were selected by a systematic sampling method. A pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used. The prevalence of “high” PDS and associated factors with odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was determined. RESULTS: Blood donors were more likely to be young, male, educated up to advance levels, from religious/ethnic majorities, and employed with an average low monthly income. The majority were repeated, nonregular, nonloyal, and unlikely to be retained. Donor clinic-related particulars were adequate for the majority of donors. The prevalence of “high” PDS was 33.3% (95% CI = 29%–38%). The PDS was associated with donor loyalty (OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 2.1–5.3), adequacy of publicity for donor clinic (OR = 7.2, 95% CI = 4.4–11.8), accessibility (OR = 6.8, 95% CI = 4.1–11.3), environment of location (OR = 9.2, 95% CI = 5.4–15.7), convenience of time/duration (OR = 10.8, 95% CI = 6.3–18.8), provision of refreshments (OR = 11.6, 95% CI = 5.9–23.2), and sanitary and other facilities (OR = 12.2, 95% CI = 6.6–22.6). CONCLUSIONS: Blood donors with “high” PDS were low. Regularizing and updating the available guidelines on outdoor donor clinics would improve the availability of donor clinic-related particulars, enhancing PDS.

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006