Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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Impact of coronavirus disease 2019 vaccination on donor deferral pattern in a tertiary care hospital of ESIC, New Delhi

 Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, ESIC Model Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Bharat Singh,
Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, ESIC Model Hospital, New Delhi - 110 015
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajts.ajts_79_22

BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is an integral part of the health-care system. A healthy donor is important for safe blood transfusion. Donors are selected based on the deferral criteria given by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 and amended thereof. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination became mandatory after the spread of COVID-19 pandemic and was included in the deferral criteria. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study and analyze the impact of COVID-19 vaccination on the deferral pattern in blood donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in the Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion for pre-COVID period from January 2019 to December 2019 for the most common reason of deferral before COVID-19 and for comparison for donor deferral with COVID-19 period. Then, a retrospective study was carried out over a period of 12 months from February 2021 to January 2022. The demographic details of donors such as age, gender, voluntary or replacement donation, and temporary and permanent reasons for deferral were recorded. The data were entered in the MS Excel sheet and descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: The total numbers of registered donors were 7064. Six thousand two hundred and sixty-four donors were accepted for donation, of which voluntary donations were 4478 (71.48%). The deferred donors were 800 (11.3%). Seven hundred and thirty-eight (92.26%) deferred donors were male; the most common cause of temporary deferral was COVID-19 vaccination 179 (22.37%), followed by low hemoglobin 162 (20.25%). The common causes of permanent deferral were high blood pressure 36 (5.17%) and history of unknown jaundice 10 (1.43%). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 vaccination had a significant impact on the pattern of donor deferral. However, this was only a temporary situation till the pandemic is over. The loss of potential donors has adversely impacted the transfusion services.

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2006 - Asian Journal of Transfusion Science | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th November, 2006